Chicken

Correct choice of feed

One important part of the collaboration with the breeders is the composition of feed to ensure the best possible health for the chickens and the most effective use of feed.

All feed is made from vegetables and careful planning goes into several ingredients in the composition of the feed, with wheat and soya being major components. For example, we are looking into the possibility of replacing part of the imported soya that is traditionally used as a feed protein with alternative local protein sources.

Opinions differ about the issue of GMO (genetically modified organisms, in this case soya and corn) in feed and its use is widely discussed. Scandi Standard has chosen to adhere to local conditions and therefore requires GMO-free feed in Sweden, Norway and Finland.

Chicken rearing is very resource-efficient compared with other kinds of animals. The amount of feed and the level of climate impact are much higher in the production of pork and beef, for example.

Feed efficiency is one of the most important indicators in order to optimise the rearing process. Chickens are very good at converting feed into meat, so this is a direct indicator of the quality of the ingredients and the feed, and how well the chickens are being taken care of.

Animal health and feed efficiency

 

Goals

2018

2017

2016

Antibiotics,

percentage of treated flocks, %

<1

13.5
0.0 excl Ireland

0.2

0.3

Foot health,

foot points

<10

14
6  excl Ireland

9

14

Feed efficiency,

kg feed/kg live weight

1.55

1.54
1,54 excl Ireland

1.56

1.59

The chickens’ health is monitored using a number of parameters. The central key indicators are the low use of antibiotics and foot health as indicators of good animal health and pen environment. The figures for the use of antibiotics above can be compared with approximately 40−80 percent of flocks treated in many European countries. Foot health is measured in terms of foot points; a low score indicates good foot health. Values under 15−20 are good in an international comparison.

Irish Manor Farm are included for the first time in the 2018 Report. For comparability with 2017 results, figures excluding our Irish facilities are also reported.

This diagram shows feed efficiency when rearing different kinds of animals measured as the amount of feed in relation to growth (the weight is the live weight). The figures given should be seen as the mean value of the FCR values from several published sources. As a result of increased feed efficiency, the use of natural resources and associated costs are reduced at the following stages: less agricultural land, less transportation, reduced energy consumption for feed production and reduced water consumption throughout the value chain.